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Título : Sustainability of the Peruvian anchoveta supply chains from sea to shelf: towards a new strategy for optimal use of resources
Otros títulos: Durabilité de la filière d’anchois du Pérou, de la mer aux rayonnages: vers une nouvelle stratégie d’utilisation optimale des ressources
Autor : Avadí Tapia, Angel Daniel
Asesor: Fréon, Pierre
Mariojouls, Catherine
Ziegler, Friederike
Hélias, Arnaud
Tyedmers, Peter
Perret, Sylvain
Palabras clave : Anchoveta;Engraulis Ringens;Perú;Evaluación
Fecha: 2014
Editorial : Montpellier
Resumen : The research performed a sustainability assessment of supply chains of the anchoveta (Engraulis ringens) in Peru. The corresponding fisheries lands 6.5 million t per year, of which <2% is rendered into products for direct human consumption (DHC) and 98% reduced into feed ingredients (fishmeal and fish oil, FMFO), for export. Several industries compete for the anchoveta resources, generating local and global impacts. The need for understanding these dynamics, towards sustainability-improving management and policy recommendations, determined the development of a sustainability assessment framework: 1) characterisation and modelling of the systems under study (with Life Cycle Assessment and other tools) including local aquaculture, 2) calculation of sustainability indicators (i.e. energy efficiency, nutritional value, socio-economic performances), and 3) sustainability comparison of supply chains; definition and comparison of alternative exploitation scenarios. Future exploitation scenarios were defined by combining an ecosystem and a material flow models: continuation of the status quo (Scenario 1), shift towards increased proportion of DHC production (Scenario 2), and radical reduction of the anchoveta harvest in order for other fish stocks to recover and be exploited for DHC (Scenario 3). Scenario 2 was identified as the most sustainable. Management and policy recommendations include improving of: controls for compliance with management measures, sanitary conditions for DHC, landing infrastructure for small- and medium-scale (SMS) fisheries; the development of a national refrigerated distribution chain; and the assignation of flexible tolerances for discards from different DHC processes.
Descripción: Tesis (Dr.). -- Universite Montpellier. SIBAGHE - Systèmes intégrés en Biologie, Agronomie, Géosciences, Hydrosciences et Environnement Et de l’unité de recherche UMR 212 EME – Écosystèmes Marins Exploités Spécialité : ESA-Ecosystèmes et sciences agronomiques
URI : http://biblioimarpe.imarpe.gob.pe/handle/123456789/2328
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